Other Resources

Articles & Chapters
Baker, A., Jensen, P., Kolb, D. (2002). Conversational Learning: An Approach to Knowledge Creation. Wesport: Quorum.

Cazden, C. (2001). Classroom discourse: The language of teaching and learning. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Mercer, N. (2000). The guided construction of knowledge: Talk amongst teachers and learners. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters, Ltd.
Mercer, N., & Littleton, K. (2007) Dialogue and the Development of Children's Thinking: a sociocultural approach. London: Routledge.
Zeldin, Theodore. Conversation: How Talk Can Change Our Lives. Great Britain: Hidden Springs. (1998).

Bartolomé, L. I. (1998). The misteaching of academic discourses: The politics of language in the classroom. Boulder: Westview Press.

Heath, S. B. (1996). Ways with words. Language, life, and work in communities and classrooms. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Horowitz, R. (Ed.). (2007). Talking texts: How speech and writing interact in school learning. London: Routledge.

Lemke, J. (1990). Talking science: Language, learning, and values. New York: Ablex.

Rosenblatt, L. (1978). The Reader, The Text, The Poem: The Transactional Theory of the Literary Work, Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.

Schleppegrell, M. J. (2004). The language of schooling: A functional linguistics approach. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Toulmin, S. (2003) The Uses of Argument. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Washington, DC: CCSSO.

Vygotsky, L. (1986). Thought and Language. (A. Kozulin, Trans.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Walqui, A. (2006). Scaffolding instruction for English language learners: A conceptual framework. The International journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 9(2), 159-180.
Wong Fillmore, L., & Fillmore, C. (2011). What Does Text Complexity Mean for English Learners and Language Minority Students? Paper presented at Understanding Language conference. Stanford University.

Web Sites

Understanding Language at Stanford University. Focuses on the language and literacy issues embedded within new standards. Develops open-source teaching resources that support language development and learning in the content areas.

Colorín Colorado (www.colorincolorado.org) is a free web-based service that provides information, activities and advice for educators and Spanish-speaking families of English language learners (ELLs).

Ellevation Education - Web-based software platform designed for ELL educators and the English Learners they serve. Develops solutions to improve instruction, enhance collaboration, and maximize impact.


Bailey, A.L. ( 2010). Implications for assessment and instruction In M. Shatz & L. Wilkinson (Eds.), The education of English language learners (pp. 222-247), New York: Guilford Press.

Chafe, W. L. (1982). Integration and invovlement in speaking, writing and oral literature. In D. Tannen (Ed.), Spoken and written language: Exploring orality and literacy (pp. 35--53). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Grice, Paul (1975). "Logic and conversation". In Cole, P.; Morgan, J. Syntax and semantics. 3: Speech acts. New York: Academic Press. pp. 41–58.

Gutiérrez, K. (1995). Unpackaging academic discourse. Discourse Processes, 19(1), 21-38.

Hawkins, M.R. (2004). Researching English language and literacy development in schools. Educational Researcher, 33(3), 14–25. doi:10.3102/0013189X033003014

Penuel, W., Fishman, B., Cheng, B., & Sabelli, N. (2011). Organizing research and development at the intersection of learning, implementation, and design. Educational Researcher, 40(7), 331-337.

Reznitskaya, A., Kuo, L., Clark, A., Miller, B., Jadallah, M., Anderson, R.C., et al. (2009). Collaborative reasoning: A dialogic approach to group discussions. Cambridge Journal of Education. 39, 29-48. 
Saunders, W., Goldenberg, C., & Marcelletti, D. (2013) English Language Development: Guidelines for Instruction. American Educator, v37 n2 p13-25, 38-39 Summer.

Schleppegrell, M., & O’Hallaron, C. (2011). Teaching academic language in L2 secondary settings. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics (2011), 31, 3–18.

Swain, M. (1985) Communicative competence: Some roles of comprehensible input and comprehensible output in its development. In S. Gass and C. Madden (eds.), Input in Second Language Acquisition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House Publishers, Inc. 235-253

Swain, M. (2000). The output hypothesis and beyond: Mediating acquisition through collaborative dialogue. In J.P. Lantolf (Ed.), Sociocultural theory and second language learning (pp. 97–114). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Williams, J. (2008). The speaking-writing connection in second language and academic literacy development. In D. Belcher & A. Hirvela (Eds.), The oral/literate connection: Perspectives on L2 speaking, writing, and other media interactions. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 10-25.